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GMAT短篇阅读实例解析

2018-04-04 11:46:34 来源:网络GMAT资料下载

  新东方在线GMAT频道为大家带来GMAT短篇阅读实例解析,希望对大家GMAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GMAT频道!

  1. GMAT长短阅读各占一半

  GMAT阅读一般根据文章篇幅可以分为长篇和短篇阅读,长篇阅读的形式通常是一篇文章带上3-4道题目,而短篇阅读则是每篇文章只附带1-2道题。而但从题目数量来说,两者的分数是一样的。换句话说,只要考生能够保证短篇阅读的正确率,哪怕长篇阅读做得再糟糕,至少也能保证GMAT阅读一半的得分。

  2. GMAT短篇阅读得分性价比高

  同样是阅读,但GMAT短篇阅读在得分和时间消耗的对比上,显然性价比要高出长篇阅读不少。短篇阅读的文章篇幅往往只有长篇阅读的一半甚至3分之1,而且难度大多低于长篇阅读,更容易被考生快速看懂理解,解题正确率也更高。而长篇阅读不仅耗时长,还经常会涉及一些学术化难度较高的文章,很多考生都会出现看不懂文章或者看了后面忘了前面的问题,常常看完一篇长篇阅读后还是处于似懂非懂的状态,对于大家的阅读技巧有很高的要求。从得分性价比来说,短篇阅读显然更胜一筹。

  实例解析:

  在了解了上述短篇阅读保分理由后,下面小编通过两道短篇阅读真题来为大家做一些解析。

  真题1

  Though artist Chuck Close has devoted his life to portraiture, his paintings rarely comport with that genre's traditional purpose. His early photorealist images, which are created by overlaying a grid on a photograph and painstakingly copying the image cell by cell, are, to the naked eye, nearly undifferentiable from photographs. Furthermore. Close's emphasis is on the disembodied head itself, expressionless and devoid of any overt personality. He has never acceded to commissions, relying on both his own image and his friends as models. In 1988, a collapsed spinal artery caused almost total paralysis, but Close has continued to work. His freer paintings evince a natural extension of an augmented interest in the minute grid over the total work that predated his illness. This nonprivileging of any particular part of the canvas finds its inspiration, oddly enough, in abstract expressionism, despite the apparent inconso-nance of the two techniques.

  Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  Which of the following statements are supported by the passage?

  A. Close’s portraits are so realistic that they are sometimes mistaken for photographs.

  B. There are conceptual connections between Close’s later work and other, apparently dissimilar works.

  C. Throughout his career as an artist, none of the portraits Close has painted have been done in exchange for money.

  题目解析

  这里要注意一点,commission在本题的意思, 并不是佣金, 而是委托的意思. 作为一个肖像画的画家, Chuck Close并没有接受过其他委托, 因此的他的模特是本人或者是朋友. 而文章中并没有说明他的画有没有被卖掉, 因此C的选项是错误的. A之所以也是错误是因为文章只说了是 near indifferentiable. 并没有提到有人被画, 这里就信息混乱。

  正确答案

  B

  真题2

  The anti-foundationalist belief that there is no secure basis for knowledge was worked out philosophically in the somewhat wearisome tracts of Jacques Derrida. Difference. Derrida tells us is the idea that any attempts to discuss universal features of human nature are merely products of local standards, often serving the vested interests of the status quo, and should rightly be dismantled and critiqued. Derrida was considered the originator of a profound challenge to the history of human thought. However, a century before Derrida. Darwin's theory of natural selection had made anti-foundationalism almost an inevitable consequence. From an evolutionary point of view, our understanding of the world depends on earlier and less-developed forms of understanding; meaning is continuously referred or deferred to other terms or experiences.

  The passage implies that which of the following beliefs is embraced by anti-foundationalists?

  A. In many cases humans cannot be completely secure in thinking that they fully understand a given situation.

  B. The meaning of an experience can best be understood outside the cultural context in which it occurs.

  C. Those who are part of the status quo are best able to dismantle and critique society.

  D. Derrida’s work would not have been possible without the prior ruminations of Darwin a century earlier.

  E. Darwin’s faith in the status quo is sufficient grounds to develop universal truths about cultural experiences.

  题目解析

  作者认为anti-f的人认为there is no secure basis for knowledge,所以A是正确的。并且,作者认为,D的观点是关于人类本性的通性的任何说法都是基于local standards,所以说要想理解,就一定要基于文化背景,所以B是错的。C错误的引用了文章的信息。至于D,尽管文章说达尔文的理论使得Derrida的理论顺理成章的正确,但是D选项的说法太过于绝对。E选项是混淆选项,这个选项与anti-f的理论并没有什么关系。

  正确答案

  A

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