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2019年GMAT官方指南(OG)解析:平行结构(二)

2018-08-09 15:32:00 来源:新东方GMAT资料下载

  新东方在线GMAT频道为大家带来2019年GMAT官方指南(OG)解析:平行结构(二),希望对大家GMAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GMAT频道!

  来源:新东方 张馨月

  上一期老师和大家简单的总结了一下平行部分的语法点,并且通过OG19中的新题讲解了如何考察和运用(回顾平行结构语法点请点击链接上一期平行结构怎么找之OG19系列)。

  最后为了检验学习效果留了一道作业题目,勤奋的同学还私信我要答案,今天老师就和同学们回顾一下这道题目。

  764. The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

  A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping

  B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping

  C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping

  D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes

  E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes

  答案:D。

  相信很多同学能够选出正确答案,根据上一期讲的内容,很容易通过 both…and 的搭配和平行排除掉ABCE。

  但是根据老师的教学经验来看,很多同学会粗心选B,即使选对了也会对B和D存在疑问:winning 能否和 hoping 平行? 答案是否定的。

  很多同学的做错题目的很大原因就是忽略了句意过于关注于语法本身,导致很多题目做错。

  通过句子意思来看,这道题目描述了两件事情:

  1、这个人在去年表演作品获奖;

  2、现在他想继续创作。所以 winning 和 hoping 根本就是发生在两个不同时期的事情,所以在逻辑意思角度来看并不是并列关系。

  敲黑板

  通过这道题目,也可以验证了上一期在平行部分提到的 " 不同的时态可以平行 ",正确选项D中就是用 " and " 前后平行了两个不同时态的句子。

  通过这道题,老师想分享给同学们的一个很重要的语法点就是:平行不仅要看结构,还需要看逻辑意思,这也是语法部分出题者的初衷(画重点)。

  因为平行结构是SC中很重要的一部分,而且根据老师的教学经验来看,很多同学在这个部分存在的问题比较多,所以本期继续和大家一起练习一下平行结构。

  老师通过以下两个题目和大家分享一个SC部分常见的一个" 陷阱 "——未画线部分的平行。

  678. Travelers from Earth to Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contending with the chemically reactive Martian soil, and perhaps even ward off contamination by Martian life-forms.

  A. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contending

  B. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend

  C. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, would also have to avoid large doses of radiation, plus contending

  D. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, plus contend

  E. Mars, who would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with

  答案:B

  A. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoiding large doses of radiation, plus contending

  B. Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend

  C. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, would also have to avoid large doses of radiation, plus contending

  D. Mars, having to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, plus contend

  E. Mars, who would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with 第二页继续...

本文关键字: GMATOG GMAT官方指南

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