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2019年GMAT官方指南(OG)解析:比较结构2

2018-09-28 18:41:00来源:新东方

  GMAT考试复习中,官方指南是我们复习的重要资料。每年的OG资料也会有所更新。对于OG中的一些重点知识,也是大家复习备考的必备内容。今天我们重点来讲解的是GMAT的比较结构,详细内容如下:

  来源:新东方 张馨月

  比较第一部分语法点回顾

  常见比较词:more/less/比较级… than

  as…as

  the same as

  考点

  (1)搭配正确:

  The economy of China is Equally likely As that of Japan to avoid the recession. (WRONG)

  The economy of China is AS likely As that of Japan to avoid the recession. (RIGHT)

  The economy of China is More likely Rather than that of Japan to avoid the recession.(WRONG)

  The economy of China is More likely Compared with that of Japan to avoid the recession.(WRONG)

  The economy of China is More likely Than that of Japan to avoid the recession. (RIGHT)

  (2)比较对象一致:

  Beethoven's music, which broke a number of established ruleswith its structure and melodic form, is considered more revolutionary than Bach. (WRONG)

  Beethoven's music, which broke a number of established rules withits structure and melodic form, is considered more revolutionary than Bach’s. (RIGHT)

  -------------------

  比较结构(二)

  注意:第一类比较词是没有固定的比较形式的的,比较内容可以为名词,介词,句子或者短语等但是以下这类比较词是需要比较特定的形式

  ● 比较对象为名词性质内容,和主句的主语S比较:

  like/unlike+N, SVO

  incontrast to/with +N, SVO

  comparedto/with +N, SVO

  ● 比较对象为句子或者介词短语:

  As+SVO , SVO

  justas +SVO , (So/So too) SVO (注意:So& So too可加可不加 )

  whereas +SVO , SVO

  679、Unlikethe virginal, whose single set of strings runs parallel to the front edge ofthe instrument, the harpsichord’s several sets of strings are places atright angles to its front edge.

  A. whose single setof strings runs parallel to the front edge of the instrument, the harpsichord’sseveral sets of strings are

  B. with a singleset of strings running parallel to the front edge of the instrument, theseveral sets of strings of the harpsichord are

  C. which has asingle set of strings that suns parallel to the front edge of the instrument,in the case of the harpsichord, several sets of strings are

  D. which has asingle set of strings that run parallel to the front edge of the instrument,the harpsichord has several sets of strings

  E.inwhich a single set of strings run parallel to the front edge of the instrument,the harpsichord’s several sets of strings are

  答案:D

  A. whose single setof strings runs parallel to the front edge of the instrument, the harpsichord’s several sets of strings are

  B. with a singleset of strings running parallel to the front edge of the instrument, the several sets of strings of the harpsichord are

  C. which has asingle set of strings that suns parallel to the front edge of the instrument,in the case of the harpsichord, several sets of string sare

  D. whichhas a single set of strings that run parallel to the front edge of the instrument, the harpsichord has several sets of strings

  E. in which a single set of strings run parallel to the front edge of the instrument, the harpsichord’s several sets of strings are

  解析:

  根据未画线部分的 like 这个比较词,应该要很敏感的判断出这是在考察比较,所以根据后面的virginal (小型有键乐器),再找句子的主语,然后判断是否可以比较.。通过对比发现 ABCE的句子记得主语均为sets of strings,不可比,而D中的 the harpsichord则可以和 " vriginal " 比较。

  最终可以选出 D,和主语比较。

  684.Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim,and modern builders.

  A.Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that wererecycled in the construction of

  B.Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materialsto construct

  C Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of

  D.Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing

  E.Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled inconstructing

  答案:C

  A. Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of

  B. Like recycling ancient Egyptian architectural materialsto construct

  C.Just as ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of

  D.Just as they recycled ancient Egyptian architectural materials in constructing

  E. Just like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycledin constructing

  解析:

  和上一道题目的判断方法相似,区别点在于Like部分划线了,这时需要多注意一点就是后面所跟的内容是否为名词性质的内容(这里经常会有同学因为后面的定语从句" that wererecycled…" 误判成后面接了句子;注意:要看like后面的所接的核心信息是什么)。

  根据" ancient Egyptian architectural materials "找到句子的主语" so ancient Greek materials from theconstruction of that city "虽然和句子的主语很匹配,但是当看到" so " 这个词的时候,我们会发现根据前面的比较词的用法,只能搭配 just as,所以最终根据比较词和比较对象两点选出C选项。

  以上就为大家整理的“2019年GMAT官方指南(OG)解析:比较结构2”,更多精彩内容,请关注新东方在线GMAT频道。


本文关键字: GMAT官方指南 GMAT

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