新东方在线网络课堂 GMAT 新东方在线 > GMAT > GMAT阅读 > 正文

GMAT阅读题型练习(1066)

2018-04-17 09:04:00 来源:网络GMAT资料下载

  本文来自GMAT阅读题库(点击查看更多),为考生提供GMAT阅读题目练习及答案解析,希望对大家GMAT备考有所帮助。点击下载更多GMAT备考必备资料。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GMAT频道!

  GMAT阅读题目内容 

  In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in the industry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use of technology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized “numerical control" (N/C) technology, rather than to artisan generated “record-playback" (R/P) technology.

  Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not by engineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence of conspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not because efficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

  4、The author of the passage commends Noble's book for which of the following?

  A.Concentrating on skilled as opposed to unskilled workers in its discussion of the machine-tool industry

  B.Offering a generalization about the motives behind the machine-tool industry/‘s decision to automate

  C.Making an essential distinction between two kinds of technology employed in the machine-tool industry

  D.Calling into question the notion that managers conspired against labor in the automation of the machine-tool industry

  E.Applying the concept of de-skilling to the machine-tool industry

  

本文关键字: GMAT阅读题库 GMAT阅读题型

分享到:

课程试听换一换

  • 【冲750】GMAT旗舰VIP全程冲分班

    ¥8280

  • 【冲700】GMAT旗舰VIP全程冲分班

    ¥7680

  • GMAT单项突破班-数学

    ¥1280

  • GMAT强化冲分班

    ¥6280

  • GMAT单项突破班- 语法

    ¥1880

  • GMAT考前冲刺班

    ¥3980

  • GMAT单项突破班-阅读

    ¥1580

  • GMAT单项突破班-写作

    ¥1680

相关推荐

  • 2018 GMAT OG官方发布会
  • GMAT全程班提分助力
  • 【冲750】GMAT旗舰VIP全程冲分班
  • GMAT强化冲分班
  • GMAT单项突破班-数学
  • 世界大学排名榜_全球大学排名

热点资讯更多>>

实用 • 工具

交流 • 下载

GMAT课程排行榜本周本月

GMAT公开课更多>>

新东方在线刘硕:GMAT逻辑考试介绍(二) w 08分42秒
1 新东方在线刘硕:GMAT逻辑考试介绍(二)
新东方在线刘硕:GMAT逻辑考试介绍(一) w 11分13秒
2 新东方在线刘硕:GMAT逻辑考试介绍(一)
新东方在线高智威&白云:GMAT解题方法综述 w 03分52秒
3 新东方在线高智威&白云:GMAT解题方法综述
新东方在线陈虎平:GMAT阅读做题技巧 w 30分57秒
4 新东方在线陈虎平:GMAT阅读做题技巧
新东方在线名师赵丽:精讲GMAT语法 w 27分05秒
5 新东方在线名师赵丽:精讲GMAT语法

推荐阅读