GMAT阅读理解模拟题及答案解析(1)

2020-05-20 16:48:10来源:网络

  新东方在线GMAT频道为大家带来GMAT阅读理解模拟题及答案解析(1),希望对大家GMAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线GMAT频道!

  Current feminist theory, in validating women's own stories of their experience, has encouraged scholars of women's history to view the use of women's oral narratives as the methodology, next to the use of women's written autobiography, that brings historians closest to the "reality" of women's lives. Such narratives, unlike most standard histories, represent experience from the perspective of women, affirm the importance of women's contributions, and furnish present-day women with historical continuity that is essential to their identity, individually and collectively.

  Scholars of women's history should, however, be as cautious about accepting oral narratives at face value as they already are about written memories. Oral narratives are no more likely than are written narratives to provide a disinterested commentary on events or people. Moreover, the stories people tell to explain themselves are shaped by narrative devices and storytelling conventions, as well as by other cultural and historical factors, in ways that the storytellers may be unaware of. The political rhetoric of a particular era, for example, may influence women's interpretations of the significance of their experience. Thus a woman who views the Second World War as pivotal in increasing the social acceptance of women's paid work outside the home may reach that conclusion partly and unwittingly because of wartime rhetoric encouraging a positive view of women's participation in such work.

  文章概况:现在的一些理论鼓励学者研究口语的东西,因为口语的东西能够比写出来的东西让这些历史学家更加接近女性生活的真实状况。后面详述了一些这些口语的东西到底是什么。

  第二段开始谈如果历史学家采用口语的东西他们必须小心点。后面具体详述了口语和写出来的东西有什么区别会让我采用口语的东西必须小心翼翼!

  Question #37. 218-01 (22979-!-item-!-188;#058&000218-01)

  The passage is primarily concerned with

  (A) contrasting the benefits of one methodology with the benefits of another

  (B) describing the historical origins and inherent drawbacks of a particular methodology

  (C) discussing the appeal of a particular methodology and some concerns about its use

  (D) showing that some historians' adoption of a particular methodology has led to criticism of recent historical scholarship

  (E) analyzing the influence of current feminist views on women's interpretations of their experience

  问主旨,我们来看选项

  A 对比了一个方法和另外一个方法的好处,两种方法的好处进行对比原文没有涉及,杀

  B 描述了一个历史起源和这个方法自有的一些缺点。好像后办部分原文涉及到过,先留着

  C 讨论了一个方法的好处并且对它的使用表示关切。也沾点,留着

  D 一些历史学家采用一定的方法导致一些人的批评,没提过什么人会提出批评,杀

  E分析了现在一些学者对于女性经历的观点所产生的影响,没提,杀

  B和C相同之处是这两个选项后办部分原文都涉及到过,不同是前半部分一个强调的是起源一个强调的是采用这个方法,文章第一段显然谈到的是我采用一个方法,C更好。

  Question #38. 218-05 (23025-!-item-!-188;#058&000218-05)

  According to the passage, scholars of women's history should refrain from doing which of the following?

  (A) Relying on traditional historical sources when women's oral narratives are unavailable

  (B) Focusing on the influence of political rhetoric on women's perceptions to the exclusion of other equally important factors

  (C) Attempting to discover the cultural and historical factors that influence the stories women tell

  (D) Assuming that the conventions of women's written autobiographies are similar to the conventions of women's oral narratives

  Accepting women's oral narratives less critically than they accept women's written histories

  问 scholars of women's history应该不干什么,文章建议这些历史学家用这些口语的东西应该谨慎,我们看看E,说less critically地接受口语的东西,不是反了吗,选这个。如果这个题干没有意识到refrain这个词汇,有可能上来就会把E去掉!

  Question #39. 218-07 (23071-!-item-!-188;#058&000218-07)

  According to the passage, each of the following is a difference between women's oral narratives and most standard histories EXCEPT:

  (A) Women's oral histories validate the significance of women's achievements.

  (B) Women's oral histories depict experience from the point of view of women.

  (C) Women's oral histories acknowledge the influence of well-known women.

  (D) Women's oral histories present today's women with a sense of their historical relationship to women of the past.

  Women's oral histories are crucial to the collective identity of today's women.

  问以下那个不是口语和标准历史的区别,根据脉络这个区别应该是文章第一段的后办部分体现出来的,我们来看看 Such narratives, unlike most standard histories, represent experience from the perspective of women(对应B), affirm the importance of women's contributions(对应A), and furnish present-day women with historical continuity that is essential to their identity(对应E), individually and collectively.还剩下C和D这两个选项原文好像都没有读到过。C说承认有名的女人带来的影响 D说口语的东西还说什么和历史女性的关系,D说得更概括,越概括的选项原文越有可能提到,选C。至于D在什么地方体现出来的,说得都像佛了,这种选向很难对应原文一句话,而是把一些句子进行概括总结形成的选项,直接找到对英语能力要求教高,算了吧!放下!佛家三大苦,想不开,放不下,忘不了。GMAT要求我从来没想过,何谈想不开,我从来就没在乎过什么,何谈放不下,忘不了,我从来就没记住过什么,何谈忘不了!


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