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GMAT逻辑假设题例题五

2018-06-05 16:23:00 来源:网络GMAT资料下载

  想要更充分的备考GMAT逻辑,大家还是需要对考试中出现的各种题型有一个比较全面的认识。因此新东方在线GMAT频道就为大家整理了一些题型,供大家参考练习。

点击查看》》》【GMAT逻辑题型讲义汇总】

  13.(Z)In Teruvia, the quantity of rice produced per year is currently just large enough to satisfy domestic demand. Teruvia’s total rice acreage will not be expanded in the foreseeable future, nor will rice yields per acre increase appreciably. Teruvia’s population, however, will be increasing significantly for years to come. Clearly, therefore, Teruvia will soon have to begin importing rice.

  Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

  A. No pronounced trend of decreasing per capita demand for rice is imminent in Teruvia.

  B. Not all of the acreage in Teruvia currently planted with rice is well suited to the cultivation of rice.

  C. None of the strains of rice grown in Teruvia are exceptionally high-yielding.

  D. There are no populated regions in Teruvia in which the population will not increase.

  E. There are no major crops other than rice for which domestic production and domestic demand are currently in balance in Teruvia.

  14(Z). Three large companies and seven small companies currently manufacture a product with potential military applications. If the government regulates the industry, it will institute a single set of manufacturing specifications to which all ten companies will have to adhere. In this case, therefore, since none of the seven small companies can afford to convert their production lines to a new set of manufacturing specifications, only the three large companies will be able to remain in business.

  Which of the following is an assumption on which the author’s argument relies?

  A. None of the three large companies will go out of business if the government does not regulate the manufacture of the product.

  B. It would cost more to convert the production lines of the small companies to a new set of manufacturing specifications than it would to convert the production lines of the large companies.

  C. Industry lobbyists will be unable to dissuade the government from regulating the industry.

  D. Assembly of the product produced according to government manufacturing specifications would be more complex than current assembly procedures.

  E. None of the seven small companies currently manufactures the product to a set of specifications that would match those the government would institute if the industry were to be regulated.

  15.(Z)Exposure to certain chemicals commonly used in elementary schools as cleaners or pesticides causes allergic reactions in some children. Elementary school nurses in Renston report that the proportion of schoolchildren sent to them for treatment of allergic reactions to those chemicals has increased significantly over the past ten years. Therefore, either Renston’s schoolchildren have been exposed to greater quantities of the chemicals, or they are more sensitive to them than schoolchildren were ten years ago.

  Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

  A. The number of school nurses employed by Renston’s elementary schools has not decreased over the past ten years.

  B. Children who are allergic to the chemicals are no more likely than other children to have allergies to other substances.

  C. Children who have allergic reactions to the chemicals are not more likely to be sent to a school nurse now than they were ten years ago.

  D. The chemicals are not commonly used as cleaners or pesticides in houses and apartment buildings in Renston.

  E. Children attending elementary school do not make up a larger proportion of Renston’s population now than they did ten years ago.

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